Friday, December 16, 2011

Paralysis - Symptoms, Cause, Treatment

Paralysis is a disease, it occurs due to loss of muscle function for one or more muscles group. When muscles have lost function or in other words we can say that when a muscle does not work properly, this condition is called Paralysis. Paralysis comes from Greak word. It made from two words Para and lyses. It can occur on one or both sides of your body. It can also occur in just one area, or it can be widespread. Paralysis is mainly often caused by damage in the nervous system, especially the spinal cord. It’s caused by something being wrong with the nerves that activate muscles. Other major causes are stroke, trauma withnerve injury, poliomyelitis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), botulism, spina bifida, multiple sclerosis, and Guillain-BarrĂ© syndrome. Temporary paralysis occurs during REM sleep, and dysregulation of this system can lead to episodes of waking paralysis. Drugs that interfere with nerve function, such as curare, can also cause paralysis. There are many known causes for paralysis and perhaps more yet to be discovered.

Symptoms of Paralysis
The symptoms of paralysis will depends on different factors such as cause of paralysis, which parts of the body are affected, which parts of the body are not working properly. Paralysis can affect the legs, arms and legs,upper part of the body,lower part of body,right and left side of the body etc. It can present on the right side or the left side of the body, or it may present unilaterally. When paralysis is caused by damage to the brain, speech, behavior, and cognitive ability can also be affected.

Types of Paralysis
Hemiplegia:- When only one side of the body is affected, the condition is known as Hemiplegia. It is total paralysis of the arm, leg, and trunk on the same side of the body.
Diplegia:- Both sides of the body may suffer the effects, leading to diplegia or bilateral hemiplegia.
Paraplegia:- When only the lower limbs are affected by paralysis, is called paraplegia.
Quadriplegia:- When all four limbs are affected, it is called Quadriplegia.

Effects of Paralysis
• Interruption of the normal working of the tissues, glands, and organs
• Constipation
• Hammering of control of urination
• Sexual difficulties
• Abnormal sweating
• Abnormal breathing or heart rate
• Balance problems
• Difficulty thinking
• Behavioral issues
• Difficulty speaking or swallowing
• Vision problems
• Changes to circulation and respiration
• Changes to the kidneys and gastrointestinal system
• Changes to muscles, joints, and bones
• Spasticity of the limbs
• Muscle spasms
• Pressure sores
• Blood clots in the lower limbs
• Feelings of numbness or pain
• Skin injury
• Bacterial infection

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