Sunday, May 27, 2012

List of Contagious Diseases

Actinomycosis - Actinomycosis is a rare type of infectious bacterial disease that commonly affects the face and neck. It is caused by filamentous, gram-positive, non–acid-fast, anaerobic-to-microaerophilic bacteria.

AIDS - AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is the final stage of HIV disease, which causes severe damage to the immune system.

Anthrax - Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.

Antibiotic Resistance - Antibiotic resistance is a type of drug resistance. It is the ability of a microorganism to withstand the effects of an antibiotic.

Bioterrorism - A bioterrorist attack releases viruses, bacteria, or other germs to cause illness or death.

Bird Flu - Avian influenza (avian flu or bird flu) causes the bird infectin can change (mutate) to infect humans.

Bladder Infection - A urinary tract infection or UTI is a bacterial infection that can happen anywhere along the urinary tract.

Bocavirus Infection - Bocavirus infection is usually only found in those with lower respiratory infections or diarrhea.

Botulism - Botulism is a rare kind of food poisoning.  The disease is an intoxication caused by extremely potent toxins preformed in foods.

Brucellosis - Brucellosis is an infectious disease that occurs from contact with animals carrying Brucella bacteria.

Cat Scratch Disease - Cat scratch disease is an infection that causes swelling of the lymph nodes after an animal scratch.

Chagas Disease - Chagas disease is a human tropical parasitic disease. It is common in Latin America but not in the United States

Chickenpox (Varicella) - Chickenpox is a highly contagious illness caused by primary infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV). In this disease, a person develops extremely itchy blisters all over the body. It's most common in kids under age 12, but anyone can get chickenpox.

Cholera - Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that causes a large amount of watery diarrhea that can rapidly lead to dehydration.

Coxsackie Virus - The Coxsackie virus is actually a virus that lives in a person's digestive tract, and can be transferred from person to person.

Cryptococcosis - Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by fungi that belong to the genus Cryptococcus.

Cryptosporidiosis - Cryptosporidiosis (crypto) is an illness caused by a parasite Cryptosporidium that causes diarrhea. It affects the intestines of mammals and is typically an acute short-term infection.

Cysticercosis - Cysticercosis is an infection caused by Taenia sodium, the pork tapeworm, that creates cysts in different areas in the body.

Diphtheria - Diphtheria is a highly contagious and potentially life-threatening bacterial disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae.

Encephalitis and Meningitis - Meningitis and encephalitis are two diseases that are often linked with each other.  Meningitis and encephalitis are inflammatory diseases of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord and are caused by bacterial or viral infections.

Gangrene - Gangrene is the death of tissue in part of the body.

Guinea Worm Disease - a debilitating parasitic infection

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome - Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a life-threatning, respiratory disease in humans caused by infection with a hantavirus.

Herpangina - Herpangina, also called mouth blisters, is a viral illness that involves ulcers and sores (lesions) inside the mouth, a sore throat, and fever. Herpangina is a contagious illness often seen in children.

Histoplasmosis - Histoplasmosis is a disease, usually affecting the lungs, caused by inhaling the spores of a fungus.

Infectious Mononucleosis - Infectious mononucleosis is an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. It has been recognized as a clinical syndrome consisting of fever, pharyngitis, and adenopathy.

Interstitial Cystitis - Interstitial cystitis is a long-term (chronic) inflammation of the bladder wall. It is characterized by a feeling or need to urinate immediately or frequently, often with pelvic pain.

Killer Cold Virus (Adenovirus Infection, Ad14) - A rare strain of a cold virus, known as adenovirus type 14 (Ad14), has caused severe and even fatal respiratory illness in healthy children and adults.

Legionnaire Disease and Pontiac Fever - Legionellosis is an infection that is caused by a bacterium. There are two types of illness which can develop after being infected with this bacterium: Legionnaires' disease and Pontiac fever

Leprosy - Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a chronic disease caused by
the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. The disease mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract and also the eyes, apart from some other structures.

Listeria - Listeria is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning.

Mad Cow Disease - Mad cow disease is a rare illness people can get from eating infected beef. It is a fatal neurodegenerative disease in cattle that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord.

Meningococcemia - Meningococcemia is the presence of meningococcus in the bloodstream, caused by a bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis.

Microcephaly - Microcephaly is a rare neurological condition (Literally, the term 'microcephaly' means 'small head) in which a person's head is significantly smaller than
normal for their age and sex, based on standardized charts.

Microsporidiosis - Microspridiosis is an opportunistic intestinal infection that causes diarrhea and wasting in immunocompromised individuals (HIV, for example).

Monkeypox - Monkeypox is an exotic infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox is a viral disease that causes symptoms such as fever, sweating, and a rash with papules and pustules on the face and chest.

MRSA Infection
Mycobacterium Marinum
Naegleria Infection
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Norovirus Infection
Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs)
Respiratory Syncytial Virus
Rheumatic Fever
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Scarlet Fever
Shigella Infection
Staph Infection
Streptococcal Infections
Swollen Lymph Nodes
Staphylococcal infection
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Valley Fever
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
Viral Hemorrhagic Fever
West Nile Encephalitis
Yellow Fever
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